Social media platforms like Facebook, Whatsapp, Snapchat spend millions of dollars on cyber security. They do so to protect the data of the users. If your information is not protected then anybody can use the data to misuse it. It is necessary to protect the data by creating cyber security infrastructure. Or else, there can be 7 types of cyber security threats that can be dangerous for you. Not only the social platforms but many companies have their servers and cyber security infrastructures.
If you google about cyber attacks then you will find lots of big companies that have been victims. One of the main reasons for cyber-attacks is money. A big company has a lot of valuable data that can be critical if exposed. Cyber attackers may shut off the server and ask for a big amount of money in return.
The ransom demand can reach up to millions of dollars. If the demand is not met, the cyber attackers might threaten to delete the data permanently. The server is given back to the authority if the demand is met. The whole situation is coined as ransomware. Ransomware is an attack that requires payment to give back the system to the main owner.
Generally, companies and corporations are the main victims of cyber-attacks, but so are individuals. Various personal information and data are stored in the individual’s mobile device. These pieces of information are illegally extracted by the cyber attackers when victims use an insecure public network. The cyber attackers use the information to blackmail and extort money from the victims. Many victims pay the ransom as they do not want their personal information to be exposed. This is a serious criminal offense and the penalty can reach up to 5 years.
What Does Cyber Security Threat Mean?
The tendency of malicious attacks to illegally access data, hamper digital operation, or misuse information is a known cyber security threat. Various criminal organizations, terrorist groups, lone hackers, hacktivists, corporate spies, etc involve them in cybercrime for their benefit.
Terrorist groups hack various social sites to spread fear and terror among the community. Where hacktivist leaks the confidential information of various companies to expose them. Lone hackers rip off the victim’s wealth by taking their sensitive information hostage. Corporate spies are usually hired by companies or firms to spy and steal information from other firms. The spies can work as a freelancer and sell the information to the highest or interested bidder.
Due to globalization and the internet, virtual data are stored more than physical ones. The main reason is you can store more data virtually than physically. Users are more reliable on the virtual services. Hence, the personal information of the users is registered in the cloud or servers of any online platform or company. The cyber attackers can bypass the security if the firewall of the fracture is weak enough to penetrate. That is why cyber security professionals are hired to keep the data protected and safe.
If you want to prevent any cyber attack then you must know about all the possible cyber attacks. We will be discussing 7 possible cyber security threats or attacks throughout the article.
7 Types of Cyber Security Threats
1. How does Malware Attack Cyber Security?
Malware is a type of software that works like a virus, spyware, ransomware, and worms. The cyber attacker sends a malicious link or attachment to the victim. When the victim clicks the link, the malware is automatically installed in the victim’s device.
When the malware is activated, it takes control of the whole device, collecting as much data and sending it to the attacker. It can also damage the existent data permanently and also fabricate the information. It gains the access to install additional harmful software. The hacker can monitor the victim’s activities in real-time without alerting. The hacker can remove access for the victim and make the system inoperable.
2. How Does Phishing Attack Cyber Security?
Phishing is a very traditional and old method used by hackers. In the beginning, people felt directly in the trap for not having enough knowledge about this threat. But even though users are more well informed, there are many cases of phishing every day. Phishing is done by sending mail to the victim disguising it as a legitimate platform and asking to provide the credentials.
The main agenda of phishing is stealing sensitive data such as credit cards or installing malware on the victim’s device. Many reports suggest that the victims have lost a huge sum of money from their credit cards after clicking on a link and providing the credentials as asked. It has been reported that every day millions of spam emails are sent to the user to trap them.
3. How Does Brute Force Attack Threaten Cyber Security?
If your password is simple then the chances of your account being hacked are high. If you compare passwords as keys to open doors, a brute force attack is like using a battering ram. In just 22 seconds, a hacker can try a 2.18 trillion combination of passwords to bypass your account. Having simple passwords makes it easier for hackers to hack your account and take full control.
To avoid being hacked, you can follow some simple steps to make your password protect-
- The best way is to use a complex password for your account. Try to use all the options available to make your password harder to guess. You can use an all-alphabetic,six-digit password and a mixed case,all-lowercase, ten-digit in a single password.
- Two-step verification can save you the trouble of using a complex password. Even if the hacker bypasses your password, he still needs to pass the verification. The verification code is only sent to the owner’s email address or phone number.
4. How Does Man-in-the-middle Attack Threaten Cyber Security?
When a hacker sits in between a channel of uncompromised people or systems and deciphers the information that is being passed to each other is known as a Man-in-the-middle attack. That is why all online platforms have secured channels so that hackers cannot invade the server or system. Having a breached channel allowed the hacker to steal the user’s information and profit off them.
5. How Does Emotet Attack Threaten Cyber Security?
Emotet is a type of Trojan malware. A Trojan is a type of malware that disguises itself as legitimate software and attacks the whole operating system. Emotet is a banking Trojan malware that tries to sneak into your computer stealing private & sensitive data. Emotet is very clever at security detection. It disguises itself as legitimate software which makes the anti-virus software harder to detect.
Not only it attacks your computer but through worm-like capabilities, it can also spread to other computers. The distribution multiples exponentially until it is stopped. Emotet can also update itself using C&C servers. This makes it harder for anti-virus as security patches of a device have to be constantly updated too.
6. How Does SQL Injection Attack Cyber Security?
SQL means Structured Query Language. It’s a security vulnerability that allows the trespasser to interfere with the queries that an application requests to its database. It allows the attacker to view the data that is not allowed to retrieve. The data consists of the information related to the user’s details. Not only can they access it but also modify the data as they like.
Advanced hackers can accelerate the SQL injection attack to compromise the domain and the underlying server or other back-end infrastructure. This eventually performs as a denial of service attack. The whole server and details of the users are at risk in this type of attack. It has come to light that many high-profile data breaches have been done through SQL injection. This led to reputational damage and regulatory fines.
7. How Does Denial-Of-Service Attack Threaten Cyber Security?
When a server is infected by any malicious agent then the legitimate users are unable to request data. This type of attack is known as Denial-Of-Service. Infected servers may contain emails, websites online, and other important data. A denial-of-service is achieved when the traffic of requests is more than the server can handle.
This makes the server inaccessible as it crashes instantly, preventing access for legitimate users. This type of attack can cost big corporations a major amount of money and time. The main reason is their resources and services are shut down temporarily or sometimes permanently.
It is important to know about the 7 types of Cyber security threats so that you don’t become a victim. The internet is both a blessing and a curse. But it is a necessary evil and your daily life revolves around it. It is nearly impossible to cut off the internet from your home so that your computers are not affected. Rather it’s better to learn about these attacks and malware so you can keep yourself protected from them. Knowing malware attacks is always better than staying in the dark.