Crypto-malware is a malware infection that makes a hacker able to perform the cryptojacking campaign. It permits the hacker to use someone else’s server or computer for cryptocurrencies.

CryptoLocker is the best example of crypto-malware. It is also ransomware spread by email attachments. The ransomware searches and encrypts the essential files and data on the infected computer. 

Cryptomining, Cryptojacking, and Other Crypto-malware Terms Explained

Crypto Mining

Making a cryptocurrency unit or a way to produce cryptocurrencies is called crypto mining. But it is one step more than creating coins, a process of crypto coin affairs is endorsed. This action is legal and is honored by payment through cryptocurrency.


Cryptocurrency, often known as crypto, is any currency that lies digitally or practically and uses cryptography to save transactions. Like money, cryptocurrency is decentralized and encrypted, meaning it is not changed or no authority is here to manage it. The most popular currency is bitcoin.


To mine cryptocurrency with unauthorised use of organizations and computing resources is a kind of cybercrime. However, its objective is also profit. But it is entirely secretive from the victim.

Cryptocurrencies work with a distributed database called ‘blockchain‘ to operate. They routinely update blockchain with information about the whole transactions that have occurred since the last update. The hackers attach every set of recent transactions with a ‘block’ using a complex mathematical procedure.

Why Are Crypto-Malware Attacks On The Rise?

The importance of cryptocurrency is increasing and some major companies now accept the digital coin. Similarly, crypto-malware attacks are on the rise among cyber-criminals. Crypto-malware attacks are on the rise day by day. Most industries are at risk of it. Also, it is one of the fastest-growing cyber security threats. Crypto-malware is one of the fastest-growing threats in recent history regarding cyber currency.

We would have more chances to see the rapid growth in the crypto-malware attackers in the future if the cryptocurrencies kept increasing.

How Does Crypto-Malware Work?

Crypto-malware is a form of a harmful process that hides files saved on a computer or device for the greed of getting money. The hiding of files results in the disarranging of the data in the files so that it is unreadable.

The concealment of files results in the disarranging of the data in the files so that it is unreadable. For the unscrambling of files, hackers use decryption keys . Once you download it into the system, the crypto-malware is settles down in different applications and files. When the victim reaches the specified file, this malicious code will run in the background and mine for the currency.

The easiest way of spreading malware is through ads and websites. The victim visits a website that has a crypto-malware infection. The code then transfers to the victim’s device. Finding out the code is complex because it does not settle on the computer but in the browser.  

Crypto-Malware Attacks vs. Ransomware Attacks

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Cyber – criminals design both attacks for the same purpose to extort money from the victims. But the methods are different.

Ransomware attack 

  • It encrypts the whole data on your computer and holds this data for ransom.
  • This attack encrypts the data of the victim until pay the attacker
  • Attackers demand money directly.

Related: What Is Ransomware?

Crypto-malware attack

  • Crypto-malware is a harmful program that encrypts files secured on a computer or mobile device to extort money.
  • However, this is a secret crime and works in the background of the user system.
  • The attackers continue to mine cryptocurrency by using the victim’s device.

What Is The Impact Of A Crypto-Malware Attack?

The crypto-malware does not steal data clearly, It crucially slows down the victim’s system and its computing power.

In this way, the victim cannot be able to do multiple tasks simultaneously. Crypto-malware attacks have had a tremendous social impact regarding direct financial damages paid to cybercriminals and loss of profit regarding recovery costs, and loss of production because of downtime.

Related: What is Malware? Detection And Removal Method

How To Defend Against Crypto-Malware Attacks?

Crypto-malware attacks are increasing day by day. Also, this is a fact that finding the malware is difficult. The defence against them makes it more difficult. It includes;

  • Avoid clicking on the unrelated links.
  • To avoid affected emails reaching your inbox, use the spam filter.
  • Only access the URLs that start from HTTPS.
  • Install cybersecurity software that will find many threats and restrains viruses before attacking your device.
  • Always keep a backup of everything. Also, this ensures that you can delete the whole data store and work with the backup whenever a ransomware compromises your essential data .

The Organizations Should Take The Following Steps To Prevent The Attack

  • To check the patterns connected with attacks, use machine learning in affiliation with anomaly detection, including reduced processing speeds to improve the security posture.
  • Ensure that the multifactor authentication solutions, VPNs, and remote services are entirely healed and correctly designed and separated to find the harmful activity, including DMARC (domain-based message authentication reporting and conformance), DKIM (domain keys identified mail), and SPF (sender policy framework) failures.
  • Use malware indicators while sending and receiving any message and email.
  • Teach about the malware attacks to the employees so that they are aware of its dangers and risks. 


Finally, we learned about What is crypto-malware? Every person should know about the crypto-malware attacks, and the organizations should manage a robot campaign to teach the people about the harmful infections.